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What we knew : terror, mass murder and everyday life in Nazi Germany : an oral history

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  • 1 of 1 copy available at Kirtland Community College.

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Location Call Number / Copy Notes Barcode Shelving Location Status Due Date
Kirtland Community College Library DD 256.5 .J64 2005 30534437 General Collection Available -

Record details

  • ISBN: 9780465085712
  • ISBN: 0465085717 :
  • Physical Description: xxiii, 434 p. ; 24 cm.
    print
  • Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : Basic Books, c2005.

Content descriptions

Bibliography, etc. Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 399-417) and index.
Formatted Contents Note: Pt. 1. Jewish survivors' testimonies. 1. Jews who left Germany before Kristallnacht: William Benson, Leipzig ; Margarete Leib, Karlsruhe ; Henry Singer, Berlin ; Karl Meyer, Cologne -- 2. Jews who left Germany after Kristallnacht: Armin Hertz, Berlin ; Josef Stone, Frankfurt ; Elise and Hermann Gottfried, Berlin ; Rebecca Weisner, Berlin ; Joseph Weinberg, Stuttgart -- 3. Jews who were deported from Germany during the war: Max Liffmann, Mannheim, 1940 to Gurs ; Herta Rosenthal, Leipzig, 1942 to Riga ; Ernst Levin, Breslau, 1943 to Auschwitz ; Ruth Mendel, Frankfurt, 1943 to Auschwitz ; Helmut Grunewald, Cologne, 1943 to Auschwitz ; Herbert Klein, Nuremberg, 1943 to Theresienstadt ; Werner Holz, Krefeld, 1943 to Theresienstadt ; Hannelore Mahler, Krefeld, 1944 to Theresienstadt -- Jews who went into hiding: Ilse Landau, Berlin ; Lore Schwartz, Berlin ; Rosa Hirsch, Magdeburg -- Pt. 2. "Ordinary Germans" testimonies. 5. Everyday life and knowing little about mass murder: Hubert Lutz, Cologne ; Marta Hessler, Stettin ; Rolf Heberer, Freithal ; Gertrud Sombart, Dresden ; Erwin Hammel, Cologne ; Anna Rudolf, Berlin ; Peter Reinke, Cologne ; Helga Schmidt, Dresden ; Werner Hassel, LeobschuÌtz -- Everyday life and hearing about mass murder: Hiltrud KuÌhnel, Frankfurt ; Ruth Hildebrand, Berlin ; Ekkehard Falter, Dresden ; Stefan Reuter, Berlin ; Ernst Walters, Schwalbach ; Effie Engle, Dresden ; Winfried Schiller, Beuten -- Witnessing and participating in mass murder: Adam Grolsch, Krefeld ; Hans Ruprecht, Cologne ; Albert Emmerich, Eberswalde ; Walter Sanders, Krefeld -- Pt. 3. Jewish survivors' survey evidence: Everyday life and anti-semitism ; Terror ; Mass murder -- Pt. 4. "Ordinary Germans" survey evidence: Everyday life and support for National Socialism ; Terror ; Mass murder -- Conclusion: What did they know?
Summary, etc.: What We Knew offers the most startling oral history ever done of life in the Third Reich. Combining the expertise of a German sociologist and an American historian, it draws on both gripping oral histories and a unique survey of 4,000 people-both German Jews and non-Jewish Germans, who lived under the Third Reich. It directly addresses some of the most fundamental questions we have about the Nazi regime, particularly regarding anti-Semitism, issues of guilt and ignorance, popular support for the government, and the nature of the dictatorship itself. Johnson and Reuband's original research confirms that both Germans and Jews were aware of the mass murder of European Jews as it was occurring. From the responses of Jewish survivors, German anti-Semitism wasn't universal among their neighbors and colleagues, even as they experienced official mistreatment. Additionally, the authors' research suggests that Hitler and National Socialism were genuinely popular among ordinary Germans and that intimidation and terror played no great part in enforcing loyalty. Refuting long-held assumptions, the discoveries revealed in What We Knew are key to our understanding of life in the Third Reich, and make this book a central work for scholars of the Holocaust, World War II, and totalitarianism. Drawing on interviews with four thousand German Jews and non-Jewish Germans who experienced the Third Reich firsthand, an intriguing oral history describes everyday life in Nazi Germany, addressing such issues as guilt and ignorance concerning the mass murder of European Jews, anti-Semitism, and the popular appeal of Hitler and National Socialism.
Subject: Germany History 1933-1945

Syndetic Solutions - CHOICE_Magazine Review for ISBN Number 0465085717
What We Knew : Terror, Mass Murder, and Everyday Life in Nazi Germany
What We Knew : Terror, Mass Murder, and Everyday Life in Nazi Germany
by Johnson, Eric; Reuband, Karl-Heinz
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CHOICE_Magazine Review

What We Knew : Terror, Mass Murder, and Everyday Life in Nazi Germany

CHOICE


Copyright American Library Association, used with permission.

Johnson (Central Michigan Univ.) and Reuband (sociology, Univ. of Dusseldorf) analyze what life was like for the average person living in the Third Reich. While the bulk of their work consists of numerous, often fascinating oral histories, the truly original part of the book is the final section, which systematically analyzes hundreds of questionnaires and interviews conducted with Germans, both Jew and Gentile, who lived during 1933-1945. While it should come as no surprise that Jews were much worse off than their Christian neighbors, the authors reach some conclusions that will surprise nonexperts. Scholars have long realized that the average German had relatively little to fear from the Gestapo, and that most non-Jewish Germans lived reasonably "normal" lives, but this might be something of a surprise to the uninitiated. Similarly, the conclusion that between one-third and one-half of Germans knew something about the Holocaust might also shock average readers. This is where Johnson and Reuband make an important contribution. Writing for a wider audience than the authors of most scholarly books, they make the most recent interpretations concerning everyday life in Nazi Germany more accessible to the reading public. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. All levels/libraries. R. W. Lemmons Jacksonville State University

Syndetic Solutions - Publishers Weekly Review for ISBN Number 0465085717
What We Knew : Terror, Mass Murder, and Everyday Life in Nazi Germany
What We Knew : Terror, Mass Murder, and Everyday Life in Nazi Germany
by Johnson, Eric; Reuband, Karl-Heinz
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Publishers Weekly Review

What We Knew : Terror, Mass Murder, and Everyday Life in Nazi Germany

Publishers Weekly


(c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved

The refrains in Germany for many years after WWII were "we didn't know" about the Holocaust, and "if we had known and had tried to do something, we too would have been killed by the Nazis." These claims have not stood up to historical scrutiny. Large numbers of ordinary Germans were involved in carrying out the mass murder of Jews, and knowledge of it was widespread among the population at home in Germany. Moreover, the Nazi elite ruled primarily by consensus, not terror; it was a popular dictatorship. Central Michigan University historian Johnson and German sociologist Reuband confirm these interpretations in their wide-ranging study based on hundreds of interviews and surveys they conducted with both Jewish and Christian Germans. Johnson (Nazi Terror) and Reuband don't add much that is new to what we know about the Nazi dictatorship and the Holocaust, but the materials they have gathered are interesting. Roughly two-thirds of the book consists of transcripts of interviews with Jews who had a range of experiences (going into hiding, leaving Germany before Kristallnacht, suffering in the camps) and Germans (those who heard about the murder of Jews, those who didn't, those who participated). The analysis in the book's final third is sober and sobering. But it's the gripping immediacy of the interviews, laced as they are with anger, guilt, sadness and, still among some Christian Germans, pride, that carries the book. (Feb.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved

Syndetic Solutions - BookList Review for ISBN Number 0465085717
What We Knew : Terror, Mass Murder, and Everyday Life in Nazi Germany
What We Knew : Terror, Mass Murder, and Everyday Life in Nazi Germany
by Johnson, Eric; Reuband, Karl-Heinz
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BookList Review

What We Knew : Terror, Mass Murder, and Everyday Life in Nazi Germany

Booklist


From Booklist, Copyright (c) American Library Association. Used with permission.

The authors interviewed nearly 200 people--Holocaust survivors and perpetrators--in researching the book, and more than 3,000 people--Jews and non-Jews--were surveyed in writing about their experiences during the Hitler years. Johnson and Reuband began their research in 1993; 40 interviews were selected for this book (20 were Jews and 20 were non-Jews). The authors posit that far from living in a state of constant fear and discontent, most Germans led happy and even normal lives in Nazi Germany. They believe that the Holocaust could not have been possible without the complicity of the majority of the German population. Johnson and Reuband conclude that many Germans were quick to concern themselves only with their private lives and tended not to think about what was happening to the Jews. Despite the regime's efforts to keep the mass murder of Jews a secret, news of the atrocities reached a large portion of the German public by the end of the war. The authors insist that about one-third of the population became aware of the murder of Jews while it was taking place, and it is evident that many Germans did not want to know about what was being done. This scholarly work is a major contribution to the understanding of life in Nazi Germany and a compelling narrative that is certain to be the standard work on the subject. --George Cohen Copyright 2005 Booklist

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